Please Presume Competence When Meeting My Son With a Disability

“Oh, wow, he can read!” the woman commented.

We were in Jamaica at our hotel’s coffee bar. My son, Max, had been scrolling the web on my iPhone for homes in Jamaica, given that he wanted to move there, and was pointing to his fantasy house. The lady in line behind us had evidently been observing us.

“Yes, he reads really well — right, Max?” I said.

“Yes!” Max answered.

I said this to her straight up, but my heart had taken a nose dive. It hurts when people are surprised by Max’s abilities. Max doesn’t seem to notice or mind, but to me it’s a reminder of the perception obstacles he has to overcome in life. It’s equally disheartening when people talk about Max as if he weren’t there — yet another hurdle to contend with.

It’s been my experience that people do not presume ability when they meet children or teens with disabilities — they presume only disability, in every which way. And so, they are often surprised when they notice what our children are capable of, even when they’re doing basic stuff:

At the pizza store, when Max pointed to a slice with ziti, from the guy behind the counter: “I love how he knows what he wants!”

At the park, when Max was holding onto Ben’s hand, from a random nanny: “Awww, he can still be a great big brother!”

At the supermarket, when Max was wheeling a cart down the aisle, from an older lady: “It’s great that he knows his way around!”

Yes, it’s wonderful Max does these things. I know just how far he’s come from those dire doctor predictions in the NICU, and just how much effort has gone into certain accomplishments. I cheer him even for the seemingly small things. But I’m his mom. These strangers who make remarks don’t know anything about Max, just what they’re seeing: a boy with disabilities going on about his life…and to them, that is remarkable.

Am I over-feeling this? Perhaps. It comes from a place of wanting people to take it for granted that kids and teens like Max have competency, strengths, talents, smarts — the entire human-being package. Of course, the comments are typically well-meaning. But they have the opposite effect of elevating Max; they make it clear how low some people set the bar for those with disabilities. And they’re “othering” in that they treat people with disabilities as if they are an entirely different species.

Would you ever look at a stranger at Starbucks and say, “It is so impressive that you knew you wanted a grande!” Or, even weirder, would you turn to his partner and say, “It’s really impressive that she knew he wanted a grande!”

Exactly. So what makes it OK for someone to comment on a person with disability ordering something, doing a chore, performing a task, or basically existing? And to talk about him instead of to him?

I unequivocally wish for Max to go on about his life without narration from strangers. That’s not happening anytime soon. So the best I can do for him, the best we can all do for our children, is to is to make our children part of the conversation when others talk around them. And we can help others see, in social media and our real-life circles, that disability is one part of who a person is, not the whole. And we can keep right on lifting our children up and cheering them on, so they’re proud of themselves and have the confidence to contend with a world in which people don’t always see them for who they are.

This post originally ran on Love That Max, a blog for parents of kids with disabilities who kick butt.

Read more from Ellen Seidman:
• Hey Eminem rap this: It’s by the mom of someone you dissed
• What you don’t know when you become a special needs mom
• When do you quit playing along with your child’s fantasy?

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